Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 288--292

Body mass index and its association with various features of migraine: A cross-sectional study from Saudi Arabia


Danah Aljaafari1, Noman Ishaque1, Ghadeer Al-Shabeeb1, Sukainah Alalwi1, Aishah Albakr1, Osama Basheir1, Reem A Alyoubi2, Fahd Alkhamis1, Majed Alabdali1 
1 Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, King Fahad Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pediatric Neurology, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Danah Aljaafari
Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahaman Bin Faisal University, 2835, King Faisal Road, Dammam 34212
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Introduction: Migraine is a highly prevalent condition, and prevalence of obesity is also increasing. Results of studies addressing association of body mass index (BMI) with migraine and its features are conflicting. In this cross-sectional study, we aim to assess association between BMI and various migraine features. Methods: This study was conducted in the Headache Clinic of King Fahd Hospital of University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia. Interviews were conducted by three consultant neurologists. Migraine was defined according to the International Headache Society and BMI was calculated as weight (kilograms)/height (m2). Results: Of total of 121 patients, 79% were female. Almost 87.6% of patients were taking prophylactic medications. Majority of patients had attack for more than 24 h (60.3%), pulsating character (81%), moderate-to-severe intensity (92.6%), associated with nausea and/or vomiting (75.2%), and photophobia/phonophobia (91.7%). About 29.8% of patients were normal weight, 28.1% were overweight, and 39.7% were obese and morbidly obese. There was insignificant association between various categories of BMI and features of migraine, that is, unilateral location (P = 0.385), pulsating character (P = 0.571), moderate-to-severe intensity (P = 0.187), nausea and/or vomiting (P = 0.582), and photophobia and/or phonophobia (P = 0.444). Conclusion: In our study, we did not find an association between BMI and various features of migraine.


How to cite this article:
Aljaafari D, Ishaque N, Al-Shabeeb G, Alalwi S, Albakr A, Basheir O, Alyoubi RA, Alkhamis F, Alabdali M. Body mass index and its association with various features of migraine: A cross-sectional study from Saudi Arabia.Ann Afr Med 2021;20:288-292


How to cite this URL:
Aljaafari D, Ishaque N, Al-Shabeeb G, Alalwi S, Albakr A, Basheir O, Alyoubi RA, Alkhamis F, Alabdali M. Body mass index and its association with various features of migraine: A cross-sectional study from Saudi Arabia. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Oct 2 ];20:288-292
Available from: https://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2021;volume=20;issue=4;spage=288;epage=292;aulast=Aljaafari;type=0