Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 282--287

Family support and medication adherence among adult type 2 diabetes: Any meeting point?


Olanrewaju Joel Olagbemide1, Olusegun Emmanuel Omosanya1, Abayomi Olusola Ayodapo2, Segun Matthew Agboola1, Adedayo Olutunji Adeagbo1, Taiwo Adebayo Olukokun1 
1 Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
2 Department of Family Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abayomi Olusola Ayodapo
Department of Family Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State
Nigeria

Background: Serious disability diabetes mellitus (DM) cause for patients and their support system-family and friends are enormous. It remains an important public health challenge, despite effective medical therapies for its management; patients' poor adherence remains a global problem. Objective: The study assessed the relationship between family support and medication adherence among adult Type 2 DM (T2DM) attending family medicine clinic of a rural tertiary hospital. Methodology: This was an analytic cross-sectional hospital-based study carried out among 367 patients selected by systematic random sampling method. Relevant data collected through a semi-structured questionnaire and clinical data recorded and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were utilized for the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: The mean (standard deviation) age of respondents was 61.7 ± 11.4 years. Those with strong family support that achieved medium/high (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 > 6) level of medication adherence (odds ratio [OR] [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 1 6.4 [9.1–29.6], P < 0.001) constituted 69.5% of respondents. Family support was also found to have a direct relationship to glycemic control (FPG < 7.1 mmol/l), 65.7% of those with strong family support achieved good glycemic control, P < 0.001, OR (95% CI) = 17.4 (9.2–37.2). The level of medication adherence was noted to be directly related to glycemic control, 79.4% of those with medium/high medication adherence had good glycemic control, OR (95% CI) = 25.0 (14.4–43.6), P < 0.001. Strong family support leads to higher medication adherence level which resulted into better glycemic control. Conclusion: Family support improves medication adherence and glycemic control. Physicians should explore patients' family support system to improve medication adherence level and better management outcome of chronic diseases especially T2DM.


How to cite this article:
Olagbemide OJ, Omosanya OE, Ayodapo AO, Agboola SM, Adeagbo AO, Olukokun TA. Family support and medication adherence among adult type 2 diabetes: Any meeting point?.Ann Afr Med 2021;20:282-287


How to cite this URL:
Olagbemide OJ, Omosanya OE, Ayodapo AO, Agboola SM, Adeagbo AO, Olukokun TA. Family support and medication adherence among adult type 2 diabetes: Any meeting point?. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Oct 2 ];20:282-287
Available from: https://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2021;volume=20;issue=4;spage=282;epage=287;aulast=Olagbemide;type=0