Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 276--281

Visual Outcome of Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections at the University College Hospital, Ibadan


Tunji Sunday Oluleye, Yewande Olubunmi Babalola, Oluwole Majekodunmi, Modupe Ijaduola, Adeyemi Timothy Adewole 
 Department of Ophthalmology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Adeyemi Timothy Adewole
Department of Ophthalmology, University College Hospital, Ibadan
Nigeria

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the 1-year outcome of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy in an eye unit in sub-Saharan Africa. Methodology: This retrospective study included 182 eyes of 172 patients managed in the vitreoretinal unit between 2016 and 2019 who were treated with intravitreal anti-VEGF bevacizumab (1.25 mg/0.05 ml) with at least 1 year of follow-up. The outcome measures were change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) over 1 year of follow-up, the number of injections taken, and complications. Results: The mean age was 61.1 ± 16.3 years (male-to-female ratio of 1:1.1) and about 62.1% above >60 years. A total of 330 injections were given during the period audited. The mean number of injections was 1.8 ± 0.93. Ninety-four (51.7%) eyes had only one injection, while 33 (18.1%), 50 (27.5%), and 5 (2.7%) had 2, 3, and 4 injections, respectively. About 78.5% had moderate-to-severe visual impairment at baseline and 44.5%, 16.4%, 12.6%, and 7.1% at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post injections, respectively. The mean BCVA improved for all eyes from 1.67 ± 0.91 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) at baseline to 1.50 ± 1.27 logMAR at 1 year. The logMAR letters gained was 23 at 1 month and 8.25 at 1 year; the eyes that had three injections gained 10 letters, while those that had one injection gained three letters. Eyes with age-related macular degeneration and idiopathic polypoidal choroidopathy gained 7.5 and 9 letters, respectively, at 1 year after at least three injections. There was a statistically significant association between an increasing number of injections and improved visual outcome (P = 0.043). One patient each developed endophthalmitis (0.6%) and inferior retinal detachment (0.6%) post injection. Conclusion: Visual acuity gain was recorded in patients who had intravitreal anti-VEGF injections in 1 year. It is recommended that patients should have more than one injection.


How to cite this article:
Oluleye TS, Babalola YO, Majekodunmi O, Ijaduola M, Adewole AT. Visual Outcome of Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections at the University College Hospital, Ibadan.Ann Afr Med 2021;20:276-281


How to cite this URL:
Oluleye TS, Babalola YO, Majekodunmi O, Ijaduola M, Adewole AT. Visual Outcome of Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Sep 26 ];20:276-281
Available from: https://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2021;volume=20;issue=4;spage=276;epage=281;aulast=Oluleye;type=0