Annals of African Medicine

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 95--101

Misdiagnosis of tuberous sclerosis in a Nigerian girl: A case report and review of literature


Ogunrin A Olubunmi 
 University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ogunrin A Olubunmi
Department of Medicine, P.M.B. 1154, University of Benin, Benin City
Nigeria

Tuberous sclerosis is a rare neuro-cutaneous syndrome, one of the phakomatosis, characterized by facial angiofibromas (adenoma sebaceum), mental retardation and epilepsy. This classic triad occurs in less than one half of patients, probably in one-third, thus requiring a high index of suspicion to diagnose. Consequently it may easily be misdiagnosed as neurofibromatosis or other medical conditions. This is a case report of tuberous sclerosis in a 13-year-old Nigerian girl that was misdiagnosed as neurofibromatosis because of her cutaneous lesions. This paper discussed the case and reviewed the literature. A comprehensive medical clerkship, thorough physical examination, high index of clinical suspicion and neuroimaging investigations are required to confirm diagnosis.


How to cite this article:
Olubunmi OA. Misdiagnosis of tuberous sclerosis in a Nigerian girl: A case report and review of literature.Ann Afr Med 2010;9:95-101


How to cite this URL:
Olubunmi OA. Misdiagnosis of tuberous sclerosis in a Nigerian girl: A case report and review of literature. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2010 [cited 2022 May 28 ];9:95-101
Available from: https://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2010;volume=9;issue=2;spage=95;epage=101;aulast=Olubunmi;type=0