Annals of African Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 88-93

Comparison between intermittent epidural bolus of levobupivacaine 0.125% and ropivacaine 0.2% with fentanyl as adjuvant for combined spinal epidural technique in labor analgesia: A double blinded prospective study


1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of OBG, JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Girish Bandigowdanahalli Kumararadhya
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_249_21

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Objective: This study aims to compare levobupivacaine 0.125% and ropivacaine 0.2% with fentanyl as epidural drugs for labor analgesia using combined spinal epidural (CSE) technique regarding time for onset, duration of analgesia achieved by first epidural bolus dose and to compare the quality of labor analgesia. In addition, the study is also designed to assess the maternal and fetal outcome, incidence of instrumental delivery, degree of motor blockade, and maternal satisfaction. Materials and Methods: Following approval from Institutional Ethical Committee, 50 American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status II pregnant women requesting labor analgesia, satisfying the inclusion criteria were randomly divided equally into Groups L and R. CSE performed, 0.5 ml hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% with fentanyl 25 mcg administered intrathecally. IEBs 10 ml of study drugs given through epidural catheter as demand dose. Results: The mean onset of analgesia with Group R and group L were 16.280 ± 1.59 min and 21.480 ± 1.32 min(P = 0.000) respectively. The total duration of analgesia in Group R = 72.08 ± 1.97 min, whereas Group L = 82.160 ± 2.07 min (P = 0.000). There was no difference between the groups in terms of maternal demographic traits, mode of delivery, maternal and fetal outcome, and maternal satisfaction. Both 0.125% levobupivacaine and 0.2% ropivacaine produce excellent-quality of analgesia. Conclusion: Ropivacaine produces an early onset of analgesia than levobupivacaine but levobupivacaine had significantly prolonged analgesia compared to ropivacaine. Both drugs were found to be safe for labor analgesia. Maternal satisfaction and fetal outcome were similar with both the drugs.


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