Annals of African Medicine
Home About AAM Editorial board Ahead of print Current Issue Archives Instructions Subscribe Contact us Search Login 
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 250-254

Health-related quality of life of persons with diabetic foot ulcers in a cosmopolitan city in northwestern Nigeria

1 Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Muhammad Abdullahi Wase Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
3 Department of Medicine, Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim Danjummai Gezawa
Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_2_21

Rights and Permissions

Background: Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the most serious and disabling complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). It is a major source of morbidity, mortality, and a leading cause of hospitalization. It constitutes a major burden to the patient, family, and health-care system as well as impairs quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to determine the QoL of persons with diabetic foot ulcers attending two major hospitals in a cosmopolitan city in northwestern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study at the diabetes outpatient clinics and wards of two major hospitals in Kano, Northwestern Nigeria. Sociodemographic characteristics, type of DM, duration of DM, and the presence of risk factors for foot ulcers were assessed. The QoL of patients with and without foot ulcer was determined a well-validated questionnaire for chronic diseases, short form 36 (SF 36) health-related QoL questionnaire. Results: We recruited 394 patients with DM (163 males and 231 females) with mean age and duration of DM of 50.8 ± 12.5 years and 7.72 ± 6.65 years, respectively. Ninety-five percent of the study participants had type 2 DM. Foot ulcers were present in 57 (14.5%) study participants. The QoL was generally poor (P < 0.001) in patients with DFU, compared with those without DFU in all domains of the SF 36, that indicated poor QoL in the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of the patients. Conclusion: Diabetic foot ulcers are quite common and impart significantly on the QoL of persons with DM affecting their physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Early detection and management of foot ulcers will reduce the burden of the disease and improve the QoL of affected individuals.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded5    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal