Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64-68

Magnesium status in patients with Type 2 diabetes (about 170 cases)

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology, University Hospital of Fez; Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University; Laboratory of Epidemiology and Research in Health Sciences, Fez, Morocco

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Houda Salhi
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Nutrition, University Hospital, Hassan II, Fez 30000
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_49_19

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Magnesium (Mg) is an extremely important mineral. It plays major roles in physiological activities of the body. Lower intake of Mg and low-serum Mg concentrations are associated with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and Type-2 diabetes. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the association between concentration levels of serum Mg and common complications and co morbidities of diabetes mellitus and other biochemical indices. It is a case control study conducted in our department of endocrinology in Hassan II University Hospital of Fez from January 2015 to 2018. Our patients were classified into two groups. Low Mg (Group 1, n = 85) and normal Mg group (Group 2, n = 85). We evaluated demographics characteristics of our patients; the association between Mg status and clinical, biological parameters; and association between Mg status and degenerative complications. Our study included 170 patients. The research results showed that serum Mg level was strongly related to age, sex, diabetes duration, body mass index, hypertension, and glycosylated hemoglobin. Concerning common complication; we only found a negative correlation between Mg level and the existence of nephropathy. We did not find significant correlation with retinopathy; neuropathy; and macroangiopathy. The study has demonstrated that a low Mg level is correlated with a poor control glycemic; high blood pressure and nephropathy in patients with Type 2 diabetes. However, more research is needed to confirm these effects.

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