Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 274-277

Importance of Rouviere's sulcus in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Department of Surgery, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashesh Kumar Jha
Department of Surgery, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, Delhi-110085
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_4_20

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Background: Rouviere's sulcus is a 2–5 cm fissure on the liver between the right lobe and caudate process. The benefit of finding the Rouviere's sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is supported by the fact that the cystic duct and artery lay anterosuperior to the sulcus, and the common bile duct (CBD) lays below the level of the Rouviere's sulcus. Hence, it can serve as an extrabiliary anatomical reference point during laparoscopic cholecystectomy to identify the location of CBD. Materials and Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out on 99 patients during a period of 1 year. During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Rouviere's sulcus was identified after retracting the fundus of the gallbladder toward the right shoulder. Its morphology in terms of open type, close type, or scar-like shapes was recorded, and if the CBD outline could be visualized, then its relation with the Rouviere's sulcus was noted. Results: Among all 99 study patients, Rouviere's sulcus could be identified in 63 cases (63.63%), whereas it could not be seen in 36 cases (36.36%) (P < 0.007). It was of open type in 68.25% (43 cases), close type in 25.39% (16 cases), and scar like in 6.35% (4 cases) (P < 0.0001). The Rouviere's sulcus was found to be above the level of CBD line in 50 patients (79.36%) and at the same level in 11 patients (17.46%), and in two patients, (5.97%) CBD line could not be visualized. Conclusion: Identification of Rouviere's sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can serve as an additional reference point to avoid major bile duct injury. In the era of laparoscopy, it can be better visualized after creating the pneumoperitoneum and retracting the fundus of the gallbladder.

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