Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 246-251

Awareness and practice of family planning among women residing in two rural communities in Ogun State, South West Nigeria

1 Department of Community Health and Primary Care, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Ogun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Lagos, Ogun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Primary Health Care, Ikenne Local Government, Lagos, Ogun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tope Olubodun
Department of Community Health and Primary Care, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_62_19

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Background: Family planning helps individuals and couples to avoid unwanted pregnancies, regulate interval between pregnancies, and determine the number of children in the family. Family planning is an effective intervention for promoting maternal health, but its acceptability and utilization are impeded by many factors. Aim: This study was conducted to assess the rural women's awareness and practice of family planning in two communities in Ogun State. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 561 women of reproductive age. Data collection was done using interviewer administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20. Frequencies were generated and Chi-square test was used to explore associations. Binary logistic regression was used to determine predictors of ever-used family planning. Results: Majority were aware of family planning (410, 73.1%). The method most commonly known was male condom (348, 84.9%), pills (276, 67.3%), and injectables (231, 56.3%). Respondents who had ever-used family planning were (265, 47.2%). The methods commonly used were injectables (104, 39.2%) and pills (85, 32.1%). Reasons for not using family planning include the desire for more children (78, 26.3%), lack of spousal support (56, 18.9%), and fear of undesirable effects (44, 14.9%). Determinants of ever-used family planning after logistic regression were age and occupation. Women between 31 and 40 years of age were two times more likely than women <20 years to have used family planning (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.17–1.23). Farmers were 53% less likely than traders to have ever-used family planning (AOR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.29–0.78). Conclusion: Although the awareness of family planning was high in this study, it did not correspond to practice. Campaigns promoting the use of family planning for child spacing, male involvement in family planning and dispelling of fears is recommended to improve practice of family planning.

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