Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 188-190

Evaluation of pulse pressure and proportional pulse pressure as predictors of severity among patients having heart failure with reduced ejection fraction

1 Department of General Medicine, ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of General Medicine, Saveetha Medical College Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prasanna Karthik Suthakaran
Department of General Medicine, Saveetha Medical College Hospital, Saveetha University, Thandalam, Chennai - 602 105, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_43_19

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Introduction: Proportional Pulse Pressure (PPP) is a significant risk indicator in heart failure. PPP is a simple, inexpensive and easily measurable clinical index. This non-invasive test provides useful prognostic information for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (EF) particularly in those with an EF < 30% where lower proportional pulse pressure independently predicts mortality. Methods: A prospective observational study involving 150 patients with reduced ejection fraction was done. Detailed history, clinical examination and parameters like pulse pressure, proportional pulse pressure were evaluated and correlated with ejection fraction. Results: The mean age of the patients was 58.99 ± 11.03 years and the majority of the study participants (57.33 %) were between 45 and 65 years of age. The most common etiology of heart failure (HF) was coronary heart disease in this study (76%). Proportional Pulse pressure showed significant association with ejection fraction. The specificity for detecting heart failure was more for proportional pulse pressure and systolic blood pressure (95 % each). Conclusion: Proportional Pulse Pressure may help to identify HF patients who present with low cardiac output, low ejection fraction, and worse prognosis. Our current observations reinforce the importance of clinically based skills that must not be forgotten when managing HF.

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