Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 192-195

Study of carotid intimal medial thickness in essential hypertension with or without left ventricular hypertrophy

1 Department of Medicine, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India
2 Department of Radiodaignosis, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Himanshu Khutan
Department of Medicine, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_9_17

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Introduction: Hypertension and atherosclerosis though separate entities, are interrelated as hypertension plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was undertaken to study the association of carotid intimal medial thickness with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive patients. Materials and Methods: Hundred hypertensives (JNC-7, Stage 1 and 2) between 30 and 55 years were enrolled in this prospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute of Punjab, India. Electrocardiogram, Carotid Doppler, and Echocardiography were carried out in addition to routine biochemical investigations. Results: Increased carotid intimal medial thickness (CIMT) had statistically significant association with age, duration of hypertension, high systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), left ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular mass index but was not associated with body mass index, low-density lipoproteins, and total cholesterol. Conclusions: LVH and arterial wall changes occur concurrently, and therefore, management of hypertension should not be limited just to control of BP but should also include therapy for carotid plaques and increased CIMT.

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