Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 70-73

Comparing indications for cardiovascular admissions into a Nigerian and an Israeli Hospital

Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology Unit, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ogba Joseph Ukpabi
Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 7001, Umuahia, Abia State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_30_16

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Background: Changing epidemiologic profile with increase in cardiovascular risk factors is well documented in literature. Our study sought to see how this is reflected in cardiovascular admissions into medical wards of a Nigerian and an Israeli hospital. Objective: To compare the range and pattern of cardiovascular admissions encountered in a Nigerian hospital and an Israel hospital. Methods: This was a retrospective study of admission records of patients admitted into both Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria, and Sheba Medical Centre, Israel. Results: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) was the most prevalent among the Israeli hospital's admissions but ranks very low as an indication for admission in Nigeria. The most common causes of admission in Nigeria were hypertension and heart failure (HF). The spectrum of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) was very limited in the Nigerian hospital, indicating disparity in diagnostic capacity. Conclusion: There were more patients with CVD as a cause of medical admission in the Israel hospital as compared to the Nigerian hospital. Hypertension and HF were prevalent indications for CVD in FMC, Umuahia, Nigeria, while hypertension and IHD were the prevalent indications for admission in Sheba Medical Centre, Israel. Future studies are needed to monitor spectrum and frequency of cardiovascular admissions in view of evolving epidemiological transition in developing countries.

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