Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 163-168

Central serous chorioretinopathy in Benin City, Nigeria

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 1111, Benin City, Edo, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Odarosa Magdiel Uhumwangho
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 1111, Benin City, Edo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.158522

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Background: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a retinal cause of visual loss. The aim of this report is to describe the pattern of presentation of CSCR in patients presenting to a tertiary hospital in Nigeria within a specified period. Materials and Methods: The case folders of all patients in which a diagnosis of central serous retinopathy (CSR) was made from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014 were retrieved, data extracted and reviewed. Results: There were a total of five patients within the study period made of four males and one female. There were two cases of bilateral CSCR and three cases of unilateral CSCR. There was a positive history of underlying anxiety or stress related conditions in all the patients. One patient with bilateral CSCR was on systemic prednisolone for arthritis. Confirmatory investigations were performed in all patients. Four patients had fundus fluorescein angiography which showed smoke stack and ink blot patterns in two patients, respectively. Two patients had optical coherence tomography showing macular neurosensory detachment, with one having associated pigment epithelial detachment. Vision improved in all patients with conservative management, reduction in anxiety/stress related activities and steroid use discontinuation in the patient with chronic steroid use. Conclusion: CSR has a favorable outcome with appropriate intervention.

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