Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 138-141

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a adult female

1 Department of Radiology, University of Ilorin/University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ilorin/University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O. I. Oyinloye
Department of Radiology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.134422

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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a clinico-neuroradiologic diagnosis, with rapidly evolving neurologic condition, characterized by headache, confusion, altered mental status, seizures, cortical blindness, lethargy, stupor, and occasionally, focal neurological signs accompanied by a typical computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging pattern. With early recognition and treatment, complete resolution of symptoms occurs. Typical imaging findings characteristically involve the white matter bilaterally in the parieto-occipital regions. Atypical imaging finding of contrast enhancement of lesion can occur, but is less common. A 20-year-old primiparous lady presented with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented case in Nigeria. This case-report highlights the importance of recognizing the salient imaging features in this lethal but reversible entity with prompt management.

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