Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82-85

Patterns of morbidity and mortality amongst motorcycle riders and their passengers in Benin-city Nigeria: One-year review

1 Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
2 Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Grace Eye Clinic, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
M A Nzegwu
Department of Morbid Anatomy University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, P. .M. B. 01125, Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.55675

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Objective : To evaluate patterns of morbidity and mortality among bike riders and pillion seat passengers involved in road traffic accidents in Benin-City Nigeria between August 2003-July 2004. Methods : A total of Fifty-one bike riders and pillion seat passengers, who participated in this study were part of a larger study, involved in a road traffic accident and were brought to the accident and emergency unit of either the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH) or the State Specialist Hospital between August 2002-July2003.The injured ones were examined and dead patients had an autopsy done on them Results : A total of 51 cases of bikes riders/pillion seat passenger accidents were recorded representing 18% of total accidents. 35 motorbike riders/pillion seat passengers were struck down by cars (68.6%). Seven bike riders/pillion seat passengers (13.5%) were struck by articulated vehicles. 7 bike riders/pillion seat passengers representing 13.5% of cases were stuck by buses, 2 (3.9%) pillion seat passengers fell of bikes from epilepsies and sustained secondary injuries. Males were more in number with a ratio of 2.5; 1. One hundred percent (100%) or all motorcyclist and their passengers did not use helmets. Conclusion : Cars struck down most bike riders and their pillion seat passengers. Males were more than females in number. The commonest autopsy findings as cause of death was intra-cranial hemorrhage preventable by the use of crash helmets.

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