Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 89-93

Ophthalmic manifestations of lymphoma

1 Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
2 Department of Haematology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A E Omoti
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.55728

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Background : Ophthalmic involvement in lymphoma is a relatively rare condition that can result from a primary intraocular lymphoma or an intraocular manifestation of systemic lymphoma. This report reviews the ophthalmic manifestations of lymphoma. Methods : Review of relevant information from journal articles and Internet search. Results : Almost all the structures in the orbit, adnexiae and eye can be involved in lymphoma. Lymphoma of the eye and adnexiae are most frequently of B lineage. Most of the ocular manifestations frequently masquerade as other more benign intraocular conditions including allergic or infectious conjunctivitis, uveitis, multiple evanescent white dot syndrome, acute retinal necrosis or herpetic retinitis. Correct diagnosis thus depends on a high index of suspicion and frequently requires radiologic imaging, histologic analysis, particularly vitreous biopsy or flow cytometry, subretinal aspiration and retinal biopsy. Diagnosis is often delayed and may lead to a fatal outcome. Recognition of its modes of presentation facilitates early diagnosis and treatment that may improve prognosis. Conclusions : It is important to review the ocular manifestations of lymphoma to assist the ophthalmologist to play a pivotal role in the prompt diagnosis and treatment of ocular lymphoma, and the haematologist/oncologist to recognize the need for a complete ophthalmic evaluation in the diagnosis, follow-up and management of lymphoma patients.

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